Step 7: Developing the logical framework

RBM - step 7

Now it’s time to bring together all the information that you’ve gathered so far into the logical framework matrix:

  • The first (left) column contains the intervention logic.
  • The second column contains the indicators
  • The third column contains the verification sources
  • The fourth column contains the assumptions/risks.

Logframe schematic

Once you’ve filled out the basic ideas, it’s time to worry about formulation. Make sure that your results are clear and not too overly complex. It’s important that they are unambiguous – meaning that they are understood the same way by everyone involved in the project. Avoid overly complex concepts such as ‘gender neutral’, ‘globalisation’, ‘sustainable’ that can be interpreted in many different ways. If you need such concepts, make sure that you specify them in your logframe and/or explain them somewhere.

It’s best to make sure that your results are formulated in a SMART way:

  • Specific: What exactly will change? Where? For whom (who will benefit)?
  • Measurable: How much will it change? You have to set a target.
  • Attainable: make sure that you don’t make unrealistic expectations about the change that you can achieve through your actions.
  • Realistic, in the sense of based on a real world situation: make sure that what you propose is coherent and pertinent for the problems that your beneficiaries face.
  • Time specific: indicate the timeframe in which the change will take place. Outputs have to be realised within the timeframe of the project. Effects may occur near the end or right after the end of the project. Impact is generally only visible well after the project.

Outputs can be things or services, but at least on the level of the intermediate results (the purpose of your project or the specific objective in PCM/LFA talk) talk about results in terms of people. You are trying to improve the lives of your beneficiaries (clients), not some kind of abstract change of situation.

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